Dietary supplement products include vitamins, minerals, botanicals, sports nutrition supplements and specialty supplements.
These products are intended to be used as supplements to, not substitutes for, a well-balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.
When used properly, they may help to promote overall good health.
More than 150 million Americans take dietary supplements. (Source: 2010 Council For Responsible Nutrition survey)
Anabolic Steroids are Not Dietary Supplements and Dietary Supplements are Not Anabolic Steroids
Anabolic Steroids are Not Dietary Supplements and Dietary Supplements are Not Anabolic Steroids.
Dietary supplements are legal products used by more than 150 million Americans each year.
Anabolic steroids are controlled substances that are illegal without a prescription. Specifically, anabolic steroids are hormones that amount to extra testosterone and are used by some people to increase muscle size. Anabolic steroids also have well-recognized adverse effects and are not permitted for use in sports.
Dietary supplements do not result in such drastic changes in the body and should not be expected to replace hard work and the necessary healthy habits that athletes must develop to be well-conditioned.
Dietary supplements are regulated by the FDA as a subcategory of foods and there are many dietary supplements that are acceptable for athletes over the age of 18 to use.
Dietary Supplement Regulation
The dietary supplement industry is regulated by FDA and the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), as well as by government agencies in each of the 50 states.
The FDA has regulatory authority under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act as amended in 1994 by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) and in 2006 by the Dietary Supplement and Nonprescription Drug Consumer Protection Act.
No legitimate dietary supplement should cause a positive result from an anabolic steroid test. By law, any supplements that either intentionally contain or are contaminated with anabolic steroid-like chemicals that would cause a positive anabolic steroid test result are adulterated products and would violate the federal law that regulates dietary supplements.
Federal law prohibits the inclusion of anabolic steroids (and their precursors) in dietary supplements and all dietary supplements are subject to good manufacturing practices that help eliminate the risk for accidental contamination.
Abbott Nutrition and Supplement Industry Regulation
Abbott Nutrition is dedicated to the current, sound regulatory framework that promotes safety and health. Most of EAS sports nutrition foods are regulated as conventional foods.
EAS sports nutrition foods such as EAS Myoplex shakes and bars are covered under the Nutrition Labeling and Education Act of 1990, which permits the use of nutrient contents and health claims on labels. This law requires all manufacturers to use only those nutrient content and health claims that have been approved by the FDA.
EAS dietary supplements such as Muscle Armor are regulated under the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994, which recognizes a role for dietary supplements and establishes a regulatory framework to ensure their safety.
In 2007, the Federal Good Manufacturing Practices (GMPs) for dietary supplements were released. Abbott Nutrition follows these GMPs and ensures the quality and safety of all its EAS sports nutrition products through rigorous testing and manufacturing processes.
How long is a container of EAS 100% Whey Protein good for once it has been opened?
The general storage guidelines for unopened EAS products are to keep the product stored at ambient conditions away from excessive heat (< 75F) or cold temperatures (> 32F) and kept in a clean environment. Unopened containers can be stored at ambient conditions or in the refrigerator. If stored in the refrigerator, unopened product can be safely returned to room temperature storage but be sure to check expiration dates on any product that has been stored for extended periods.
We recommend to use opened can contents within 1 month. The opened powder can should be covered and stored in a cool, dry location (not in a refrigerator) for up to one month. If the powdered product has a scoop, we recommend that the scoop be returned to the container in a dry condition to minimize the addition of moisture to the product.
The powders stored in an opened container in certain conditions could lead to changes in powder consistency or color. In particular, if the opened container is stored in an environment of higher humidity, such as the refrigerator or in certain higher humidity climates, the uptake of moisture by the powder could alter the powder consistency and color. Abbott Nutrition recommends that opened cans of powdered products be covered and stored in a cool, dry location and used within 1 month.
Can the 100% Whey Protein be heated without destroying the nutrients?
Yes, the 100% Whey Protein powder can be reconstituted and heated without significantly destroying the nutrients. Whey protein is a soluble protein source that can more easily withstand the heating process with less coagulation compared to many other proteins. Heating of the reconstituted whey protein under typical homeheating methods will not reduce the protein quality.
Whey protein can be mixed into several recipes to help increase the protein content of the food (see the Eating-for-LIFE book and the Body-for-LIFE website for recipes). Under standard home-heating or cooking temperatures, the nutrients, primarily protein, are not destroyed and still provide a readily digestible, high quality protein. The other nutrients, such as calcium, potassium and sodium are quite stable in heat and will not be destroyed. However, we do not recommend reconstitution of the EAS 100% Whey protein and then boiling the solution because the organoleptic qualities will be affected. (e.g. flavor and odor can be compromised)
Side Note: Coagulation is involved with the denaturation of proteins under certain stressors, such as heat. An example of protein coagulation is when we cook eggs and the egg whites turn from a clear liquid to a white solid. This is a heat-induced physical change to the protein but this does not reduce the protein quality.
What is the source of whey in the 100% Whey Protein? Is it from enzymes or cultures?
EAS 100% Whey Protein contains whey protein derived from a dairy manufacturing process utilizing a combination of cultures and rennet to treat the milk followed by multiple filtration processes, including ultrafiltration, cold filtration and/or ion exchange. The processing method is proprietary to the protein raw material supplier and can vary slightly from supplier to supplier. Abbott Nutrition has strict quality standards on all of our raw materials, including proteins, which suppliers must meet in order for the proteins to be used in EAS 100% Whey Protein.
Why is the cholesterol so high in the EAS 100% Whey Protein?
The source of cholesterol in the EAS 100% Whey Protein is from the inherent amount of cholesterol found naturally in dairy ingredients, in particular from the whey protein concentrate in the formula.
Can a pregnant woman consume AdvantEDGE Carb Control products?
Unless directed by a physician, pregnant women are not advised to greatly restrict carbohydrates. While the AdvantEDGE Carb Control products are safe to use in pregnancy as part of the overall diet, pregnant women should not adopt a low carbohydrate diet without consultation with a health care professional.
How many AdvantEDGE Carb Control RTDs are recommended per day? What is the maximum amount an individual can safely consume in a day?
The AdvantEDGE Carb Control RTDs can be used throughout the day as a meal replacement or snack (typically 1-3 per day depending on individual status and goals). The maximum amount an individual can safely consume in a day is dependent on a variety of individual factors (e.g. nutritional status, diet and exercise plan etc.) Please consult a physical or dietitian for guidance.
When would a man take Betagen?
Betagen is not a gender specific product; however, the consumer base tends to be more female-oriented and also includes men looking for a low dose creatine product during times of muscle stress, such as a ‘cutting’ phase
Looking for a maintenance dose of creatine
Added benefit of HMB to protect muscle
Looking for flavored beverage
35 calories per serving (105 kcal per day)
5 g carbohydrate (maltodextrin)
0 g sugar
120 mg calcium
3 servings per day delivers:
6 g creatine, 3 g calcium HMB, 6 g L-glutamine, 1.5 g taurine
Recommended Use: As a dietary supplement, add one scoop to 4 oz of water or juice, and stir/mix until dissolved. Use 3 servings daily. Do not exceed recommended servings. Consult with a physician prior to use if you have any medical conditions. Do not use if pregnant or lactating.
Is there any ingredient(s) in Betagen that would elevate blood sugar in someone with diabetes?
Betagen contains maltodextrin which provides a small amount of total carbohydrate per serving. This carbohydrate can contribute to blood glucose. Betagen was formulated for healthy, physically active individuals. The product was not formulated for individuals with diabetes and these individuals should consult with their healthcare provider prior to incorporation into the diet
Is there a possibility that someone could consume too much HMB using Betagen and Muscle Armor?
Muscle Armor (formerly ProScience Armor) contains 1.5 g HMB per serving and the recommended use level is 2 servings per day to get the 3 g HMB daily dose that has been shown to be effective in clinical studies. Betagen (formerly ProScience Reload) contains 1 g HMB per serving and the recommended use level is 3 servings per day to get to the effective 3 g HMB daily dose. Thus, if one were to take both products at the maximum usage level each day, a total of 6 g HMB would be consumed per day. While there are no known safety concerns associated with a dose of 6 g HMB per day, there is no evidence to suggest that 6 g HMB per day is any more effective than 3 g HMB per day.
Can Lean 15 powder be heated and/or used for baking?
This product is not designed to be used in this way. The flavor and/or texture of the product could be adversely affected.
Can the EAS protein powders be mixed with foods instead of liquid to increase the protein content of foods?
Absolutely. For example, the EAS protein powders can be mixed into pancake batter and oatmeal to help increase the protein content of certain foods. The Eating-for-LIFE® Cook book and the Body-for-LIFE® website contain several delicious recipe ideas which may be helpful to increase the protein content of foods.
Eating-for-LIFE is not a trademark of Abbott Laboratories.
If Muscle Armor is taken with meals as recommended on the label, will any of the ingredients compete with amino acids from the meal for absorption? Would it be better to consume Muscle Armor before or after workouts instead of with meals?
The recommended use is to consume a serving of Muscle Armor with a meal. (2 servings per day) We make this recommendation to minimize potential of gastrointestinal (GI) upset. This is due to the relatively large osmotic load in a serving of Muscle Armor, which in some people can produce discomfort. Consuming the product with a meal slows release of the Muscle Armor components into the GI tract, reducing the osmotic impact of the product.
In a meal, most of the amino acids are present as intact, or at most only very slightly hydrolyzed protein. The digestive tract is designed to break down this protein into forms which can be absorbed by the cells lining the GI tract. It has been shown that most of the protein is broken down into small peptides, and that these small peptides are directly absorbed quite readily in the small intestine - only a small fraction is absorbed from the intestinal tract in the form of free amino acids. The digestive process also takes time, and amino acids from protein in a meal typically do not appear in the bloodstream until 30-45 minutes after a meal, and elevated blood levels continue for 2-3 hours.
In contrast, free amino acids are absorbed by a different system of transporters in the GI, and they are absorbed without the need for digestion. Thus, free amino acids in a meal often start to appear in the bloodstream in as little as 15-20 minutes, and absorption is usually complete in 60-90 minutes. Since di- and tri-peptides (meal protein) and free amino acids (Muscle Armor) are actually absorbed from the GI by different transport systems, and probably at different times relative to meal consumption, Muscle Armor (and other sources of free amino acids) is unlikely to impact meal protein absorption.
Is Phos HP a replacement for Phos Force?
They both provide 5.25g of creatine, so it is a suitable replacement.
Why did you take Phos Force off the market? Was there something wrong with that product?
No, we responded to consumer feedback that they were looking for a creatine supplement without any stimulant (caffeine).
What are the differences between Phos HP and Phos Force?
The only differences are that Phos HP has no caffeine or beta-alanine. Both have the same amount of creatine and carbs for rapid creatine uptake.
Will Phos HP cause flushing like Phos Force did?
What exactly is HMB? From where is it derived?
HMB, also known as beta-hydroxy-beta methyl butyrate, is a normal metabolite of the amino acid leucine and is produced in the body by both animals and humans. Leucine is an important amino acid in muscle metabolism, serving both a regulatory role and as a precursor for protein synthesis and energy metabolism.
The first step in the metabolism of leucine is transamination to a-ketoisocaproate (KIC). HMB can then be produced from KIC by the action of KIC-dioxygenase. This dioxygenase enzyme is an enzyme found within the cell and under normal conditions, approximately 5% of leucine leads to production of HMB.
HMB is manufactured in the lab from highly purified free amino acids produced from fermentation with microorganisms from energy sources such as cane or beet molasses, raw sugar or starch hydrolysates. Highly purified free amino acids contain no trace of their starting material in the finished product.
How long can EAS protein powders that have been mixed into a shake be kept at room temperature? How long can they be stored (already mixed) in the refrigerator?
If the product is mixed and does not come into contact immediately with oral bacteria:
EAS protein powders can be mixed into a shake at room temperature and then need to be consumed within 4 hours or less provided it has been handled in a sanitary manner. Discard unused product after 4 hours at room temperature.
If the product is mixed and does come into contact immediately with oral bacteria:
Because drinking a product can lead to significant amounts of oral bacteria exposure to the remaining beverage, the remaining beverage should be consumed within an hour. Discard unused product after an hour if kept at room temperature. If the beverage is started to be consumed at room temperature and then put into the refrigerator, cover the remaining beverage, refrigerate and consume unused portion as soon as possible.
If the product is mixed but not started to be consumed and refrigerated:
Ideally, if a mixed product is going to be consumed on two separate occasions, we recommend pouring the desired amount into a separate container, then cover and refrigerate the unused portion for later use. Discard the unused portion after 24 hours.
Are there any animal products other than milk in the EAS Soy Protein?
Milk is the only known animal-based derivative in the EAS Soy Protein. The milk ingredient is derived from the natural creamer flavoring, a part of the flavoring system, used in the product (chocolate and vanilla). The artificial sweeteners used in the product are not animal-based.
Is EAS Soy Protein produced in a facility containing nuts or nut-products?
EAS Soy Protein does not contain added nuts or nut derivatives. The allergen statements accurately reflect that none of the powdered beverages contain nuts or a nut derivative per food regulations.
The powdered beverages may be produced in a plant that manufactures other products containing nuts or nut derivatives. Per good manufacturing practices and high quality standards, the manufacturers follow strict protocol and line clean up before and after processing each and every batch to minimize the chance of cross contamination from product to product.
Are the Myoplex RTDs manufactured in locations that contain nuts or nut allergens?
The aseptically processed Myoplex RTDs are manufactured in locations that do not utilize nuts or other nut allergens. Per good manufacturing practices and high quality standards, the manufacturers follow strict protocol and line clean up before and after processing each and every batch to minimize the chance of cross contamination from product to product.
What are the nutritional differences between Myoplex Lite RTD and powder?
The Myoplex Lite RTD and powder do differ slightly nutritionally. Comparing the existing Myoplex Lite RTDs to the Myoplex Lite powdered beverages (20 serve, Chocolate and Vanilla flavors), we can see several difference and similarities. Several differences per serving include:
Lite RTDs deliver 20 grams of protein per serving compared to 25 grams of protein per serving for the Lite powdered beverages.
Source of the protein blend varies slightly. The protein blend in the Lite RTDs is delivered from milk protein concentrate, soy protein isolate and calcium caseinate. The protein blend in Lite powders is delivered from whey protein concentrate, whey protein isolate, calcium caseinate and soy protein isolate.
The Lite powders also contain L-Glutamine and Taurine in the protein blend while the Lite RTDs do not.
Lite powders deliver choline (100 mg) as choline bitartrate while the Lite RTDs do not contain this nutrient.
Lite powders deliver copper (60% DV) while the Lite RTDs do not.
Lite powders make a nutrient label claim on chloride (10% DV) while the Lite RTDs do not make this label claim.
Lite powders deliver slightly more calcium per serving compared to the Lite RTDs. (50% DV vs 20% DV, respectively)
Lite powders deliver more iron per serving compared to the Lite RTDs. (70%DV vs. 15% DV or less, respectively)
Lite powders deliver more magnesium per serving compared to the Lite RTDs. (50-60% DV vs 25% DV, respectively)
Lite powders deliver more manganese per serving compared to the Lite RTDs. (100%DV vs 45% DV, respectively)
Source of the fiber varies slightly. The fiber in the Lite RTDs is delivered primarily from fructooligosaccharides and cottonseed fiber while the fiber in the Lite powders is delivered primarily from oat fiber.
Lite RTDs deliver vitamin D (50% DV) and vitamin K (50% DV) while the Lite powders do not.
Lite RTDs deliver more folate per serving compared to the Lite powders. (90% DV vs 50% DV, respectively)
Lite RTD now contains 1.5 g of calcium HMB per serving. The powder, however, does not contain HMB.
Several commonalities include:
Similar nutrient deliveries for total fat, saturated fat, trans fat, cholesterol, sodium, potassium, total carbohydrate, dietary fiber, sugars, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, thiamin, riboflavin, niacin, vitamin B6, vitamin B12, biotin, pantothenic acid, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, selenium, and chromium. (Varies by +/- 1 gram or 20% DV of label claims for nutrients listed)
Why is the sodium content in the Myoplex RTDs so high?
The sodium content of Myoplex RTD products ranges from 580-630 mg per serving for Myoplex Original (per 17 fl. oz. serving) and around 370 mg for Myoplex Lite (11 fl. oz. serving). Sodium occurs naturally in many foods. For example, 2 cups of milk contain about 240 mg sodium and 2 slices of bread contain about 280 mg sodium (varies by brand). Thus, the sodium content of Myoplex products is comparable with other common foods in the diet.
Sodium is found inherent in the proteins and since the protein content of Myoplex is high, the sodium content is going increase somewhat as well. (Myoplex RTD is 20-42 grams protein per serving (depending on which RTD).
Sodium is a critical electrolyte needed in fluid balance, and the typical Myoplex consumer is engaged in more strenuous physical activity and can have a high daily total sweat loss due to training.
The two major electrolytes lost in sweat are sodium and chloride amount other electrolytes. To completely replace body fluids after exercise, an athlete may need to replace sodium and chloride lost via sweating. If sodium is not repleted, rehydration may be incomplete.
The typical Myoplex consumer is physically active and likely to be engaged in much more exercise/training per week than the average person. Since Myoplex is formulated for physically active individuals and athletes, the typical consumer using Myoplex is more likely to engage in strenuous physical activity leading to a potential increase in energy and nutrient requirements. As we exercise, our body sweats. Sweat is composed of water and electrolytes, such as sodium. This mineral is important in our fluid balance and with excessive sweating, replacement of electrolytes is important part of maintaining and regaining fluid balance following strenuous physical activity.
Myoplex is recommended for healthy, physically active individuals engaging in exercise/training.
The amount of sodium per serving will vary by flavor and product.
Do the Myoplex Original RTDs or powders contain any animal products other than milk or egg ingredients? If so, what is the origin of the animal products?
The Myoplex Original RTDs and powders contain milk and egg ingredients. The products do not contain ingredients from other animal products.
What is the recommended number of Myoplex servings an individual should consume per day?
We recommend 4-6 smaller meals per day and have recently revised our recommendations from 1-3 servings per day to 1-2 servings of Myoplex per day.
What is the ratio of whey to casein in the milk protein concentrate found in the Myoplex Strength RTD shakes?
Myoplex Strength RTDs contain milk protein concentrate. Cow milk has two main protein fractions which comprised of approximately 20% whey and 80% casein. The milk protein concentrate used in Myoplex Strength RTDs contains the approximate 20:80 ratio of whey to casein as found naturally in milk.
EAS product usage during Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
Pregnant or breast-feeding women can use many of the EAS sport nutrition foods to help support their protein intake (when used in conjunction with a healthy balanced prenatal or postnatal diet).
However, we would not encourage the use of carb control products (such as AdvantEDGE Carb Control) or the use of EAS Dietary Supplements (Phos Force, Muscle Armor, Betagen) during pregnancy. We suggest you consult your physician prior to making any significant dietary changes.
Please note that we do not recommend any EAS dietary supplement for any pregnant women or any women actively trying to become pregnant.
EAS – Daily Protein Recommendations:
To support positive nitrogen balance needed for muscle recovery and growth, fitness enthusiasts and hardtraining athletes can have a higher protein requirement than sedentary individuals.
Health-Conscious, Active Adults: Should consume 0.4 to 0.5 grams of protein per pound of body weight per day; ideally spread over 4-6 smaller meals per day.
Endurance Athletes: Should consume 0.5 to 0.7 grams of protein per pound of body weight per day; ideally spread over 4-6 smaller meals per day.
Strength Athletes: Should consume 0.7 to 0.8 grams of protein per pound of body weight per day; ideally spread over 4-6 smaller meals per day.
Example for a Strength Athlete: 200 lb x 0.7 to 0.8 g protein/lb body weight = 140 to 160 g protein per day.
Is it possible to consume too much protein?
EAS recommends a balanced diet from a variety of foods (fruits, vegetables, whole grains, dairy, etc.) EAS protein recommendations are based on science and we do not recommend exceeding protein intake above the levels below. For the typical, healthy individual, consumption of more than 0.8 g protein per lb body weight per day has not shown in clinical studies to lead to significant additional risks. However, if you have a health condition, including a renal condition, or have a family history of a renal condition, we recommend that you consult with your healthcare physician or qualified dietitian regarding your nutritional needs based on your individual health status.
Are there adverse effects of consuming too much protein? If so, how would one know if they were getting too much protein from their diet?
For the typical, healthy individual, consumption of a diet above their protein needs has not been shown in clinical studies to lead to significant additional risks. However, additional research is needed to determine the effect of a diet significantly high in protein (above their protein needs) chronically. Consuming a diet too high in protein can lead to decreased consumption of other important macronutrients (carbohydrate, fat) or can lead to excess caloric consumption. High fat, high protein diet can lead to ketosis and one may note a 'fruity' note in one's expired breath. High calorie diets can lead to weight gain and would be noted by an increase in body weight on a weight scale. Keeping a food record will help one know if they are consuming too much protein in their diet. A registered dietitian can analyze the food records and assess if the individual is consuming an appropriate diet for their needs.
Please note that if one has a health condition, including a renal condition, or has a family history of a renal condition, we recommend that you consult with your healthcare physician or qualified dietitian regarding your nutritional needs based on your individual health status. Individuals with any renal dysfunction or renal disease should particularly consult with their healthcare provider or qualified registered dietitian before ingestion of a protein supplement.